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e.f.schumacher a guide for the perplexed - pdf download

Before the p u b l i c a t i o n o f Small is Beautiful,
h i s bestselling reappraisal o f W e s t e r n e c o n o m i c attitudes, D r E . F . S c h u m a c h e r
w a s already well k n o w n a s a n e c o n o m i s t , journalist a n d p r o gressive entrepreneur. H e w a s E c o n o m i c A d v i s e r t o t h e N a t i o n a l
C o a l B o a r d f r o m 1950 t o 1970, a n d w a s a l s o the originator o f t h e
c o n c e p t o f Intermediate T e c h n o l o g y for d e v e l o p i n g c o u n t r i e s a n d
F o u n d e r a n d C h a i r m a n o f the Intermediate T e c h n o l o g y D e v e l o p m e n t G r o u p L t d . H e a l s o served a s President o f t h e Soil A s s o c i a t i o n (Britain's largest o r g a n i c farming o r g a n i s a t i o n , f o u n d e d
thirty years a g o ) a n d as D i r e c t o r o f t h e S c o t t - B a d e r C o m p a n y
(pathfinders in p o l y m e r chemistry a n d c o m m o n o w n e r s h i p ) .
B o r n in G e r m a n y , h e first c a m e t o E n g l a n d in 1 9 3 0 a s a R h o d e s
Scholar t o study e c o n o m i c s at N e w C o l l e g e , O x f o r d . Later, at the
a g e o f t w e n t y - t w o , h e taught e c o n o m i c s at C o l u m b i a University,
N e w Y o r k . A s h e f o u n d theorising w i t h o u t practical experience
unsatisfying, h e then w e n t i n t o business, farming a n d j o u r n a l i s m .
H e r e s u m e d the a c a d e m i c life for a period at O x f o r d during the
war, afterwards serving a s E c o n o m i c A d v i s e r t o t h e British
C o n t r o l C o m m i s s i o n in G e r m a n y f r o m 1946 t o 1950. I n later
years, his a d v i c e o n p r o b l e m s o f rural d e v e l o p m e n t w a s s o u g h t b y
m a n y overseas g o v e r n m e n t s .
D r S c h u m a c h e r w a s a w a r d e d the C B E in 1974. H e died in 1977.
Also by E. F . Schumacher
in Abacus
S M A L L IS B E A U T I F U L
GOOD WORK
E. F. Schumacher
A GUIDE
FOR THE PERPLEXED
First published in G r e a t Britain by
J o n a t h a n C a p e Ltd 1977
Copyright © E. F. Schumacher 1977
A B A C U S edition published in 1978
by Sphere B o o k s Ltd
30-32 G r a y ' s Inn R o a d , L o n d o n W C 1 X 8JL
R e p r i n t e d 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1986
This b o o k is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of
trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated
without the publisher's prior consent in any form of binding or cover
o t h e r than that in which it is published and without a similar condition
including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser.
Set in M o n o t y p e Times
Set, printed and bound in Great Britain by
Cox & Wyman Ltd, Reading
N u l l a est h o m i n i c a u s a p h i l o s o p h a n d i ,
nisi ut b e a t u s sit
(St A u g u s t i n e )
M a n has n o reason to philosophise
except with a view t o happiness
Acknowledgments
T h e a u t h o r a n d publisher w i s h t o a c k n o w l e d g e p e r m i s s i o n t o
q u o t e from E . G i l s o n , The Unity of Philosophical
Experience
( S h e e d a n d W a r d ) ; f r o m t w o b o o k s by M a u r i c e N i c o l l , Living
Time and the Integration
of the Life a n d Psychological
Commentaries on the Teaching of Gurdjiejf and Ouspensky,
v o l . I, b o t h
published by W a t k i n s Publishing H o u s e ; W . T . Stace,
Mysticism
and Philosophy ( M a c m i l l a n , L o n d o n a n d B a s i n g s t o k e ) ; G. N . M .
Tyrrell, Grades of Significance
( H u t c h i n s o n ) ; a n d from Whitall
N . Perry, A Treasury of Traditional
Wisdom, published b y G e o r g e
Allen and U n w i n .
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
O n Philosophical M a p s
Levels of Being
Progressions
Adaequatio
I
Adaequatio
II
9
24
36
50
6622
6
The Four Fields of K n o w l e d g e
- FIELD ONE
7
T h e Four Fields of K n o w l e d g e
8
- FIELD TWO
T h e F o u r Fields o f K n o w l e d g e
- FIELD THREE
111
T h e F o u r Fields of K n o w l e d g e
- FIELD FOUR
117
9
10
T w o Types of Problem
Epilogue
Notes
Index